Biodiversity occurs in all environments on Earth — on land, in rivers and lakes, and in the seas and oceans. There are three levels of biodiversity:. Humans depend, directly and indirectly, on living systems for our health and well-being. No matter how technologically advanced we are, we rely on food, fibre, materials and energy from nature for our continuing existence. In Australia, more than 1, species and ecological communities are known to be threatened and at risk of extinction.
Degradation of our environment continues and many ecosystems are increasingly vulnerable to collapse. Our biodiversity is declining because of the impacts of a range of threats, including:. Lost biodiversity can never be fully recovered, but through our conservation efforts we can help to ensure that species are able to persist and to restore the capacity of ecosystems to adapt to changes and disturbances—in other words, to build ecological resilience.
Northern Corroboree Frog Photo: The ACT has established successful husbandry and captive breeding methods. Since the captive population has numbered between and 1, individuals. Over 1, eggs have now been laid in captivity.
A captive breeding and release strategy has been prepared and release of captive bred individuals into the wild is planned to occur within the next two years. All Australian governments collaborated to develop this Strategy and are committed to working together to stop the decline in biodiversity. Public input from a variety of sectors, interest groups and individuals has also been used to develop the Strategy. All Australians must take responsibility for, and become involved in, biodiversity conservation.
The Strategy is designed to provide a road map for how this can be achieved. Implementing the Strategy is a shared responsibility across all levels of government, the community and the private sector. The Strategy will be reviewed in These priorities indicate where change is needed in the way Australians view, understand and approach biodiversity issues. They identify the key areas on which we must focus effort if we are to maintain our unique animals, plants and functioning ecosystems that provide many ecosystem services.
Each of the priorities for action is supported by subpriorities, outcomes, measurable targets and actions. Together these provide an integrated strategic focus for our efforts.
See Appendix 2 of the Strategy. The project brings together government, non-government, industry, tertiary, regional natural resource management NRM and community organisations holding key biodiversity data including DEC, WA Museum and Birds Australia.
The conservation plan utilises a data-rich, explicit planning process that is informed by robust expert advice. Implementation of on-ground work will be carried out in high priority areas identified through the planning process to improve the condition, connectivity and resilience of habitats and landscapes, as well as increase land manager knowledge and skills.
Mainstreaming biodiversity is more than just raising awareness of biodiversity conservation. It also means finding ways to get more Australians—whether individuals or private organisations—to participate in biodiversity conservation. Indigenous peoples play a significant role in biodiversity conservation in Australia.
Increasing Indigenous engagement through employment, partnership and participation and promoting the two-way transfer of knowledge will lead to both increased opportunities for Indigenous peoples and improved outcomes for biodiversity. Cooperation between different parts of the community is essential for effective biodiversity conservation.
In addition to existing partnerships, we also need to look for ways of extending involvement to a broader range of individuals and groups. Increasing investment in biodiversity conservation by the private sector and collaboration between government and other sectors will make the most of the financial and practical resources that are available to address biodiversity decline.
Markets and market-based instruments also provide a way to value biodiversity so that it can be considered alongside economic and social factors. These mechanisms are emerging as an effective means of creating incentives for long-term investments in biodiversity conservation, as a complement to regulatory measures. See case study in this brochure: Protecting diversity is a core focus for our conservation efforts and means making sure that representatives of terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems and their component species and genes are conserved into the future.
We can protect diversity in a number of ways, for example by: See case studies in this brochure: Biodiversity is critical to the ecosystem functions that provide supporting, provisioning, regulating and cultural services, for example oxygen production, soil formation and retention, pollination services, water and nutrient cycling, and carbon storage. These functions are essential for our survival.
Well-functioning ecosystems also contribute to ecological resilience. Building connectivity within and between landscapes and seascapes is an important consideration in managing and conserving biodiversity. Linking habitats creates opportunities for species to move as the climate changes and is also likely to play an important role in retaining genetic diversity. Despite our efforts, most of the drivers of biodiversity decline have yet to be adequately addressed.
Climate change is a threat in its own right and will magnify the impact of existing threats. Reducing threats to biodiversity will help improve the condition of ecosystems and help us to prevent species from becoming threatened. There are significant gaps in our current knowledge of biodiversity and incomplete data coverage for many parts of Australia.
There is also much we still need to understand about how the many animals, plants and microorganisms contribute to broader ecological functions and to the health of the environment and the community. Ensuring knowledge is interpreted for a wide audience, communicated clearly, and made accessible will improve planning and drive greater communication between researchers, policy makers and on-ground biodiversity managers.
We also need to improve the alignment of applied research with priorities for biodiversity conservation so that new knowledge can be used to adapt management accordingly.
Delivering conservation initiatives efficiently is vital to ensure that our efforts and investments produce the greatest long-term benefits for biodiversity.
Aligning biodiversity conservation activities across Australia with the Strategy will ensure activities are prioritised, targeted and designed to deliver real conservation benefits. Consistent approaches to biodiversity conservation— including through legislative and policy review and reform—will also help to ensure conservation initiatives are delivered more efficiently. Implementing robust national monitoring, reporting and evaluation of the state of biodiversity and the success of conservation actions is crucial in ensuring that our efforts are really making a difference to biodiversity.
Monitoring changes to biodiversity and the environment over time will also help us to understand how to intervene to build broader landscape resilience. Adaptive management approaches are a particularly important part of how we respond to climate change, as the impacts on and consequences for biodiversity are progressively understood.
Individually and collectively we can, and must, find ways of living sustainably and without destroying the biodiversity around us. We know that our actions have had serious and lasting impacts on many species and ecosystems across the planet. We have altered our environment to the extent that we can no longer take for granted a future in which nature supports our physical, economic and social needs.
We all need to work together towards shared goals if we are to conserve our natural, living wealth — our biodiversity — for future generations. BushTender, EcoTender and BushBroker are examples of ecoMarkets that have had significant positive impacts on environmental quality on private land. BushTender and EcoTender adopt auction-based approaches, while BushBroker is a system of tradeable credits.
Landholders are able to earn income from ecoMarkets if they are able to provide environmental improvements in a cost-effective way. For more information visit www. The main aim of the project was to work with landholders across the Midlands to help them protect the long-term future of native ecosystems with particular attention to threatened species and other special values on their own land.
Under the project, 16 important biodiversity conservation agreements were secured covering 1, hectares of forest, woodland, grassland and wetland. Mike Trenerry ; Bore site near Jimbour, Qld. Skip to main content. Australia's Biodiversity Conservation Strategy - Summary The Strategy highlights three priorities for action: Engaging all Australians Building ecosystem resilience in a changing climate Getting measurable results.
Ribbon Gums, East Gippsland Photo:More...