It is also a large coral atoll of 64 islands in the Pacific Ocean. The atoll has a land area of 9. As with other atolls in the Marshall Islands, Majuro consists of narrow land masses. The main population center, Delap-Uliga-Djarrit DUD , is made up of three contiguous motus and has a population of 20, people as of [update]. Majuro has a port, shopping district, hotels, and an international airport.
Laura has the highest elevation point on the atoll, estimated at less than 3 metres 10 feet above sea level. Being slightly north of the Equator , Majuro has a tropical climate , more specifically a equatorial climate.
Humans have inhabited the atoll for at least 2, years. Majuro Atoll was claimed by the German Empire with the rest of the Marshall Islands in , and the Germans established a trading outpost.
The island then became a part of the Japanese mandated territory of Nanyo ; although the Japanese had established a government in Nanyo, local affairs were mostly left in the hands of traditional local leaders until the start of World War II. On January 30, , United States troops invaded, but found that Japanese forces had evacuated their fortifications to Kwajalein and Enewetak about a year earlier. A single Japanese warrant officer had been left as a caretaker. With his capture, the islands were secured.
This gave the U. Navy use of one of the largest anchorages in the Central Pacific. The lagoon became a large forward naval base of operations and was the largest and most active port in the world until the war moved westward when it was supplanted by Ulithi Yap , Federated States of Micronesia. It supplanted Jaluit Atoll as the administrative center of the Marshall Islands, a status that it retains after the independence of the Marshall Islands in The major population centers are the D—U—D communities: Most of the population is Christian.
Islamic influence has been increasing. There is a sizable number of Ahmadi Muslims. The first mosque opened in Majuro in September Majuro's economy is driven by the service sector.
On September 15, , Witon Barry, of the Tobolar Copra processing plant in the Marshall Islands ' capital of Majuro, said power authorities, private companies and entrepreneurs had been experimenting with coconut oil as an alternative to diesel fuel for vehicles, power generators and ships.
Coconut trees abound in the Pacific's tropical islands. Copra from 6 to 10 coconuts makes 1 litre of oil. Air Marshall Islands has its headquarters in Majuro. The College of the Marshall Islands is located in Uliga. The University of South Pacific has a presence on Majuro. Majuro Hospital has 81 beds. In , infant mortality was 3. Average life expectancy at birth is 59 and 60 years for males and females respectively.
Water is supplied 12 hours daily. The threat of drought is commonplace. Marshall Islands International Airport , offering domestic and international services, is on Majuro Atoll. It is served by four passenger airlines: Air Marshall Islands flies to most of the Marshalls' inhabited atolls once a week. Majuro Lagoon is an active port. These vessels are the main link for transporting people and supplies to and from the outer islands.
Additionally, the lagoon acts as a harbor for commercial fishing vessels, cruisers , sport fishing boats, outrigger sailing canoes and the occasional luxury yacht. Most of the roadway from Djarrit to Laura is a single two-lane paved road. Majuro was initially scheduled to host the seventh edition of the Micronesian Games , in It subsequently renounced its hosting rights, citing a lack of adequate infrastructure.
There is an Olympic committee in Majuro. Majuro is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article.
Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Retrieved 29 May National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 26 November Archived from the original on Retrieved on October 6, Box Majuro, MH Archived from the original on 19 January Retrieved August 3, Republic of the Marshall Islands Ports Authority.
Archived from the original on 18 January Radio New Zealand International. Retrieved October 19, Islands of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Bold indicates populated islands Italics indicate single island.
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