A stop-loss order , or stop order, is a type of advanced trade order that can be placed with most brokerages. The order specifies that an investor wants to execute a trade for a given stock, but only if a specified price level is reached during trading.
This differs from a conventional market order , in which the investor simply specifies that he or she wishes to trade a given number of shares of a stock at the current market-clearing price. Thus, a stop-loss order is essentially an automatic trade order given by an investor to his or her brokerage.
It will only be executed once the price of the stock in question falls to the specified stop price stated in the investor's stop-loss order. For example, let's say you are long 10 shares of Tesla Inc. You want to continue holding the stock so you can participate in any future price appreciation it may see. Rather than watching the market five days a week to make sure the shares are sold if Tesla's price drops, you can simply enter a stop-loss order to essentially monitor the price for you.
For most stop-loss orders, the brokerage house normally looks at the prevailing market bid price i. The bid price is used for stop-loss sell orders - instead of the ask price or the market-clearing price - because the bid price is the price a seller can receive presently in the market. Stop-loss orders can also be used to limit losses in short-sale positions. If you are short a given stock, you can issue a stop-loss buy order at a specified price.
This order will be executed only if the stock's price rises high enough to reach the stop-loss price, triggering a buy order execution and closing out your short position in the stock. In these cases, the stop-loss order would be executed once the ask price level reaches the stop-loss price, since the ask price is the price at which an investor is able to buy shares on the open market.
For more on this, see Can a stop-loss order be used to protect a short sale transaction? Dictionary Term Of The Day. A conflict of interest inherent in any relationship where one party is expected to Broker Reviews Find the best broker for your trading or investing needs See Reviews.
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Become a day trader. How does a stop-loss order work, and what price is used to trigger the order? By Chris Gallant Updated May 31, — 2: Understand the purpose and uses of a stop-loss order as a risk management tool for trading and also the risk associated with Use a stop-loss order to mitigate downside risk.
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