The principal negotiating objective of the United States regarding trade in services is to reduce or eliminate barriers to international trade in services, including regulatory and other barriers that deny national treatment and market access or unreasonably restrict the establishment or operations of service suppliers. The principal negotiating objectives of the United States regarding trade in civil aircraft are those set forth in section c of this title and regarding rules of origin are the conclusion of an agreement described in section of this title.
The principal negotiating objective of the United States regarding border taxes is to obtain a revision of the WTO rules with respect to the treatment of border adjustments for internal taxes to redress the disadvantage to countries relying primarily on direct taxes for revenue rather than indirect taxes. The principal negotiating objectives of the United States with respect to trade in textiles and apparel articles are to obtain competitive opportunities for United States exports of textiles and apparel in foreign markets substantially equivalent to the competitive opportunities afforded foreign exports in United States markets and to achieve fairer and more open conditions of trade in textiles and apparel.
The principal negotiating objective of the United States with respect to the trade-related aspects of the worst forms of child labor are to seek commitments by parties to trade agreements to vigorously enforce their own laws prohibiting the worst forms of child labor. In the course of negotiations conducted under this chapter, the United States Trade Representative shall consult closely and on a timely basis with, and keep fully apprised of the negotiations, the Congressional Oversight Group convened under section of this title and all committees of the House of Representatives and the Senate with jurisdiction over laws that would be affected by a trade agreement resulting from the negotiations.
In determining whether to enter into negotiations with a particular country , the President shall take into account the extent to which that country has implemented, or has accelerated the implementation of, its obligations under the Uruguay Round Agreements. Executive Order , referred to in subsec. This chapter, referred to in subsec. For delegation of functions of President under this section, see section 1 of Ex. Cornell Law School Search Cornell.
B to obtain reciprocal tariff and nontariff barrier elimination agreements, with particular attention to those tariff categories covered in section b of this title. B freeing the transfer of funds relating to investments;. C reducing or eliminating performance requirements, forced technology transfers, and other unreasonable barriers to the establishment and operation of investments;. D seeking to establish standards for expropriation and compensation for expropriation, consistent with United States legal principles and practice;.
E seeking to establish standards for fair and equitable treatment consistent with United States legal principles and practice, including the principle of due process;. F providing meaningful procedures for resolving investment disputes;. G seeking to improve mechanisms used to resolve disputes between an investor and a government through— i mechanisms to eliminate frivolous claims and to deter the filing of frivolous claims;. H ensuring the fullest measure of transparency in the dispute settlement mechanism, to the extent consistent with the need to protect information that is classified or business confidential, by— i ensuring that all requests for dispute settlement are promptly made public;.
II all hearings are open to the public; and. II ensuring that the provisions of any multilateral or bilateral trade agreement governing intellectual property rights that is entered into by the United States reflect a standard of protection similar to that found in United States law;.
B to secure fair, equitable, and nondiscriminatory market access opportunities for United States persons that rely upon intellectual property protection; and. B increased openness at the WTO and other international trade fora by increasing public access to appropriate meetings, proceedings, and submissions, including with regard to dispute settlement and investment; and. C increased and more timely public access to all notifications and supporting documentation submitted by parties to the WTO.
B to ensure that such standards do not place United States persons at a competitive disadvantage in international trade. B to expand country participation in and enhancement of the Information Technology Agreement and other trade agreements. B to require that proposed regulations be based on sound science, cost-benefit analysis, risk assessment , or other objective evidence;.
C to establish consultative mechanisms among parties to trade agreements to promote increased transparency in developing guidelines, rules, regulations, and laws for government procurement and other regulatory regimes; and. D to achieve the elimination of government measures such as price controls and reference pricing which deny full market access for United States products. B to ensure that— i electronically delivered goods and services receive no less favorable treatment under trade rules and commitments than like products delivered in physical form; and.
C to ensure that governments refrain from implementing trade-related measures that impede electronic commerce;. D where legitimate policy objectives require domestic regulations that affect electronic commerce, to obtain commitments that any such regulations are the least restrictive on trade, nondiscriminatory, and transparent, and promote an open market environment; and. E to extend the moratorium of the World Trade Organization on duties on electronic transmissions.
II providing reasonable adjustment periods for United States import-sensitive products, in close consultation with the Congress on such products before initiating tariff reduction negotiations;. II unjustified trade restrictions or commercial requirements, such as labeling, that affect new technologies, including biotechnology;. III unjustified sanitary or phytosanitary restrictions, including those not based on scientific principles in contravention of the Uruguay Round Agreements ;.
IV other unjustified technical barriers to trade; and. V restrictive rules in the administration of tariff rate quotas;. B i Before commencing negotiations with respect to agriculture, the United States Trade Representative , in consultation with the Congress, shall seek to develop a position on the treatment of seasonal and perishable agricultural products to be employed in the negotiations in order to develop an international consensus on the treatment of seasonal or perishable agricultural products in investigations relating to dumping and safeguards and in any other relevant area.
B to recognize that parties to a trade agreement retain the right to exercise discretion with respect to investigatory, prosecutorial, regulatory, and compliance matters and to make decisions regarding the allocation of resources to enforcement with respect to other labor or environmental matters determined to have higher priorities, and to recognize that a country is effectively enforcing its laws if a course of action or inaction reflects a reasonable exercise of such discretion, or results from a bona fide decision regarding the allocation of resources, and no retaliation may be authorized based on the exercise of these rights or the right to establish domestic labor standards and levels of environmental protection;.
C to strengthen the capacity of United States trading partners to promote respect for core labor standards as defined in section 6 of this title ;.
D to strengthen the capacity of United States trading partners to protect the environment through the promotion of sustainable development;. E to reduce or eliminate government practices or policies that unduly threaten sustainable development;.
F to seek market access, through the elimination of tariffs and nontariff barriers, for United States environmental technologies, goods, and services; and. G to ensure that labor, environmental, health, or safety policies and practices of the parties to trade agreements with the United States do not arbitrarily or unjustifiably discriminate against United States exports or serve as disguised barriers to trade. B to seek to strengthen the capacity of the Trade Policy Review Mechanism of the World Trade Organization to review compliance with commitments;.
C to seek adherence by panels convened under the Dispute Settlement Understanding and by the Appellate Body to the standard of review applicable under the Uruguay Round Agreement involved in the dispute, including greater deference, where appropriate, to the fact-finding and technical expertise of national investigating authorities;. D to seek provisions encouraging the early identification and settlement of disputes through consultation;.
E to seek provisions to encourage the provision of trade-expanding compensation if a party to a dispute under the agreement does not come into compliance with its obligations under the agreement;. F to seek provisions to impose a penalty upon a party to a dispute under the agreement that— i encourages compliance with the obligations of the agreement;.
G to seek provisions that treat United States principal negotiating objectives equally with respect to— i the ability to resort to dispute settlement under the applicable agreement;. B to address and remedy market distortions that lead to dumping and subsidization, including overcapacity, cartelization, and market-access barriers. The report under paragraph 11 shall address whether the penalty or remedy was effective in changing the behavior of the targeted party and whether the penalty or remedy had any adverse impact on parties or interests not party to the dispute.
B with regard to any negotiations and agreement relating to agricultural trade, also consult closely and on a timely basis including immediately before initialing an agreement with, and keep fully apprised of the negotiations, the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate. References in Text Executive Order , referred to in subsec.
Delegation of Functions For delegation of functions of President under this section, see section 1 of Ex.More...