Turn on the TV news or open a newspaper, surf the internet or listen to the radio, and you will probably come across some information about the stock market: And, what are stocks that are bought and sold on this market? The answers to these questions are not always obvious once we begin to think about what stocks are.
For example, you may have heard that owning stock means that you become an owner of that company. But what does that mean? As an "owner" can you rightfully walk into one of its offices and take home a chair or a desk?
Can you hire and fire people? In this tutorial, we will answer these questions and more, often going into some depth to explain core concepts. Once a tool for the rich, the stock market has now turned into the vehicle of choice for growing wealth for many segments of the population. Advances in trading technology and low-cost brokerage services on the internet have opened up stock markets so that today nearly anybody can own stocks with the click of a mouse.
Before proceeding, however, it is important to distinguish between two common uses of the stock market: Investing is when you hand over your money so that it is put to use for productive projects such as growth or expansion.
Investing in a factory, in research and development, in a new business idea — these are all done with the expectation that in the future, the factory, the research, or the startup will be worth more than the original investment.
That means you have a reason to believe the factory needs to be expanded, or that you understand broadly the type of research being done and what the payoff might be, or that you understand and believe in the business plan of the new venture.
In other words, investing is a rational decision made with an eye to the future. When you invest, your money is intended to be put to work increasing value. Speculation, on the other hand, is akin to gambling. Speculators purchase something with the hope that they can soon sell it at a higher price, but without necessarily understanding — or even caring — about why the price should go up.
Speculation should not always be viewed as a bad thing, however; speculators add liquidity to markets, and many have done very well for themselves.
At the same time, many smart investors have lost their fortunes in the stock market through speculation. The important distinction between investors and speculators is not a normative one, but rather that investors are generally more interested in the processes underlying prices; they are in it for the long haul, while speculators are more interested in the price itself, and with shorter time horizons for making money. Dictionary Term Of The Day.
A conflict of interest inherent in any relationship where one party is expected to Broker Reviews Find the best broker for your trading or investing needs See Reviews. Sophisticated content for financial advisors around investment strategies, industry trends, and advisor education. A celebration of the most influential advisors and their contributions to critical conversations on finance.
Become a day trader. How Stocks Trade Stocks Basics: Valuing Stocks Stocks Basics: Start your own investing adventure with the help of some simple guidelines. Quit your job, be your own boss and earn a paycheck. Find out what to do to make it happen. Young investors have some advantages over their older counterparts.
Read on to learn how to build a portfolio that will grow with you. Understand which investment vehicles and strategies build you the most fiscally sound retirement. When money is tight early in your career, saving may seem a waste of time — but even a small amount can pay big dividends, including in peace of mind.
There's no shortage of financial advice out there, but do you have the inclination, time and skills to do it yourself? Identify the differences between federal and private student loans, and what Sallie Mae does and doesn't do nowadays. Before investing in a company with multiple share classes, be sure to learn the difference between them. Understand how prepaid expenses are recorded on a company's financial statements.
Learn why a prepaid expense would be considered Learn how the five C's of credit affect new credit application decisions, and understand how a lender analyzes each aspect Get Free Newsletters Newsletters.More...