Never miss a great news story! Get instant notifications from Economic Times Allow Not now. Initial public offering is the process by which a private company can go public by sale of its stocks to general public. It could be a new, young company or an old company which decides to be listed on an exchange and hence goes public. Companies can raise equity capital with the help of an IPO by issuing new shares to the public or the existing shareholders can sell their shares to the public w.
It is a place where shares of pubic listed companies are traded. The primary market is where companies float shares to the general public in an initial public offering IPO to raise capital.
Once new securities have been sold in the primary market, they are traded in the secondary market—where one investor buys shares from another investor at the prevailing market price or at whatev.
Management buyout MBO is a type of acquisition where a group led by people in the current management of a company buy out majority of the shares from existing shareholders and take control of the company.
For example, company ABC is a listed entity where the management has a 25 per cent holding while the remaining portion is floated among public shareholders. In the case of an MBO, the current.
A 'trend' in financial markets can be defined as a direction in which the market moves. A bullish trend for a certain period of time indicates recovery of an economy. Stop-loss can be defined as an advance order to sell an asset when it reaches a particular price point. It is used to limit loss or gain in a trade.
The concept can be used for short-term as well as long-term trading. Stop-loss is also known as 'stop order' or 'stop-market order'. The Return On Equity ratio essentially measures the rate of return that the owners of common stock of a company receive on their shareholdings.
Return on equity signifies how good the company is in generating returns on the investment it received from its shareholders. The denominator is essentially the d.
It is a temporary rally in the price of a security or an index after a major correction or downward trend. The term is borrowed from a phrase, which says "even a dead cat will bounce if dropped from a height. The Iron Butterfly Option strategy, also called Ironfly, is a combination of four different kinds of option contracts, which together make one bull Call spread and bear Put spread. Together these spreads make a range to earn some profit with limited loss.
Ironfly belongs to the 'wingspread' options strategy group, which is defined as a limited risk strategy with potential to earn limited profit. Hedge fund is a private investment partnership and funds pool that uses varied and complex proprietary strategies and invests or trades in complex products, including listed and unlisted derivatives. Put simply, a hedge fund is a pool of money that takes both short and long positions, buys and sells equities, initiates arbitrage, and trades bonds, currencies, convertible securities, commodities a.
The loan can then be used for making purchases like real estate or personal items like cars. The only thing that this loan cannot be used for is making further security purchases or using the same for depositing of margin. In order to raise cash f. Choose your reason below and click on the Report button. This will alert our moderators to take action.
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Suggest a new Definition Proposed definitions will be considered for inclusion in the Economictimes. Ask price is the value point at which the seller is ready to sell and bid price is the point at which a buyer is ready to buy. When the two value points match in a marketplace, i. These prices are determined by two market forces -- demand and supply, and the gap between these two forces defines the spread between buy-sell prices.
The larger the gap, the greater the spread! Bid-Ask Spread can be expressed in absolute as well as percentage terms. When the market is highly liquid, spread values can be very small, but when the market is illiquid or less liquid, they can be large.
Calculation of Bid-Ask Spread: So, all price points cannot be used to calculate Bid-Ask Spread. This can be calculated by using the lowest Ask Price best sell price and highest Bid Price best buy price.
The Bid-Ask Spread is one of the important trading points in the derivatives market and traders use it as an arbitrage tool to make little money by keeping a check on the ins and outs of Bid-Ask Spread. Bid-Ask spread is used in following arbitrage trades: When a trader buys the futures of a security having a particular expiry on one exchange and sells the same security contract with a near-expiry on another exchange, 2 Intra-market spread: When the contract of one security is bought and that of another security is sold on the same exchange e.
When a security contract of one expiry date is bought and another contract of the same security with a different expiry date is sold on the same exchange. Some of the important elements to Bid-Ask Spread: Block Deal Block deal is a single transaction, of a minimum quantity of five lakh shares or a minimum value of Rs 5 crore, between two parties. Black-Scholes is a pricing model used to determine the fair price or theoretical value for a call or a put option based on six variables such as volatility, type of option, underlying stock price, time, strike price, and risk-free rate.
The quantum of speculation is more in case of stock market derivatives, and hence proper pricing of options eliminates the opportunity for any arbitrage. The model is used to determine the price of a European call option, which simply means that the option can only be exercised on the expiration date.
Black-Scholes pricing model is largely used by option traders who buy options that are priced under the formula calculated value, and sell options that are priced higher than the Black-Schole calculated value 1. The formula for computing option price is as under 2: My Saved Definitions Sign in Sign up. Find this comment offensive? This will alert our moderators to take action Name Reason for reporting: Foul language Slanderous Inciting hatred against a certain community Others.
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